Each individual working with or in the presence of
radioactive materials or other radiation sources is required to receive
training or provide documentation showing they have received training,
in the applicable provisions of regulations and license conditions, in the
potential health problems associated with exposure to radiation, in the
precautions and procedures required for safe use of radiation, and in the
proper use of protective and measurement devices (10
CFR 19.12). The extent of the training is to be
commensurate with the potential risk of radiation exposure to the individual.
The primary responsibility for providing adequate
training for radiation users rests with their responsible users or
supervisors. Except for students in
regularly scheduled laboratory courses, the responsible user or supervisor will
generally fulfill this responsibility by assuring that each person participates in the
appropriate training program offered by the RSO.
Following the initial training, each radiation user/responsible
user is required to take on-line refresher training annually.
Users of X-ray machines
(Radiographic Science students)
will receive specific training from Radiographic Science instructors. In addition to the training outlined for
normally exposed radiation users, Radiographic Science students must also
receive instruction on:
- Effects of machine attributes and usage on patient dose.
- Source and intensity of scattered radiation.
- Proper use of gonadal shielding.
- Placement of dosimeters for monitoring partial-body exposures.
- Proper use of special shielding devices.
analytical X-ray machines, in addition to
the training outlined for normally exposed radiation users, must receive
instruction on proper use of shutters, interlocks and other safety devices, and
on the requirement for a safety survey following room re-entry or any machine’s modification or repair.